4 Tips to Motivate Struggling Readers to DECODE, not GUESS! To help my students locate “word chunks” we use this coded system. They color code their sight words, articles, poems and word problems we read. They even love to “gumball up” their own writing! This visual and kinesthetic approach to phonics is a great strategy for Word Work, Spelling, Phonics Instruction to visually highlight word chunks and phonics rules.